Therefore, we further calculated the Nfs0.05 for evaluation of the stability of the results. Consequently, the Nfs0.05 were 237, 143 and 271 for additive, dominant model and recessive model respectively, which were more than five times of the number of the included studies, suggesting that the results of these meta-analyses are relatively stable and the publication biases might not
have an evident influence on the results of the meta-analyses. Table 4 Publication bias tests (Egger’s linear regression test and Nfs0.05) for TP53 codon 72 polymorphisms FK228 concentration Genetic type Coefficient Standard Error t P value 95% CI of intercept Nfs0.05 Arg/Arg vs Pro/Pro 2.757 1.0434 2.641 0.018 (0.544, 4.970) 237 Arg/Arg+Arg/Pro vs Pro/Pro 1.172 0.659 1.778 0.094 (-0.225, 2.570) 143 Arg/Arg vs Arg/Pro+Pro/Pro 2.726 1.183 2.305 0.034 (0.219, 5.234) 271 Discussion In the present study, the results of meta-analyses showed that individuals with TP53 codon 72 polymorphism might not have significant associations with increased or decreased susceptibility to breast carcinoma. learn more A previous meta-analysis conducted by Koushik et al.  regarding cervical cancer CP673451 cost suggests
that homozygote Arg/Arg genotype increases susceptibility to both squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. While another meta-analysis  indicates that Arg/Arg genotype only associates with increased risk of cervical adenocarcinoma but not squamous cell carcinoma. Then, Sousa et al.  failed to demonstrate Arg/Arg genotype as a risk marker for the development of cervical lesions in most of European countries. Conversely, nonassociations of TP53 codon Ketotifen 72 polymorphism with lung carcinoma  and gastric cancer  risk were found by meta-analysis. Nevertheless, An updated meta-analysis concerning lung cancer implied that Pro allele is a low-penetrant
risk factor for developing lung cancer . Thus, whether TP53 codon 72 polymorphism contributes to susceptibility to cancers varies in different types of cancer. In the present study, no evidence showed TP53 codon 72 polymorphism as a risk factor for breast cancer. The underlying mechanisms by which TP53 polymorphism influences cancer risk are not fully understood. TP53 is the most frequently investigated gene that is often mutated in a variety of cancers. Nevertheless, several single-nucleotide polymorphisms have been studied and reported in TP53 gene . The polymorphism of TP53 codon 72 occurs in a proline-rich region that is thought to play a critical role in the growth suppression and apoptotic functions of TP53 protein . The two polymorphic variants differ in their capability of binding the transcriptional protein, activating transcription and suppressing the transformation of some primary cells .