Using a Langendorff rat heart model, mitochondrial bioenergetics

Using a Langendorff rat heart model, mitochondrial bioenergetics and protein SBE-β-CD levels were assessed at different times of ischemia and ischemia/reperfusion. Mitochondrial and nuclear gene expression (super array

analysis) and mitochondrial DNA levels were evaluated after late ischemia. Ischemia induced progressive and marked decreases in complex I, III, and V activities. Reperfusion (15, 30, and 60 min) after 45 min of ischemia had little further effect on enzyme activities or respiration. Super array analysis after 45 min ischemia revealed increased levels of the proteins with more pronounced increases in the corresponding mRNAs. Expression of mitochondrial and nuclear genes involved in oxidative phosphorylation increased after 45 min of ischemia but not after reperfusion. Myocardial ischemia induces mitochondrial TPCA-1 molecular weight dysfunction and differential but coordinated expression of nuclear and mitochondrial genes in a time-dependent manner. Our observations are pertinent to the search for molecular stimuli that generate mitochondrial defects and alter mitochondrial and nuclear transcriptional responses that may impact ischemic preconditioning and cardioprotection.”

molecular chaperone heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) is essential for the folding stability, intracellular disposition and proteolytic turnover of many of the key regulators of cell growth, differentiation and survival. These essential functions are used by the cells during the oncogenesis process to allow the tumor transformation

and facilitate the rapid somatic evolution. Inhibition of HSP90 would provide combinatorial blockade of a range of oncogenic pathways, antagonizing many of the hallmark traits of cancer. Several HSP90 inhibitors are currently under clinical trial investigation for the treatment of cancer. This review summarizes the current state and progress achieved in the development of HSP90 inhibitors targeting the N-terminal ATP pocket, C-terminal domain, different compartmentalized isoforms, and protein (co-chaperones and/or client proteins)/HSP90 interactions. In the context of drug discovery, the most relevant patents which appeared recently in the literature are discussed as well.”
“This study DZNeP explored the molecular mechanisms underlying the time-dependent autophagy and apoptosis induced by nutrient depletion in human multiple myeloma cell line RPMI8226 cells. RT-PCR and qRT-PCR were used to evaluate the transcriptional levels of Deptor, JNK1, JNK2, JNK3, Raf-1, p53, p21 and NF kappa B1 at 0, 6, 12, 18, 24 and 48 h after nutrient depletion in RPMI8226 cells. We found that transcriptional levels of Deptor were increased time-dependently at 0, 6, 12 and 18 h, and then decreased. Its alternation was consistent with autophagy.

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