Our study sought to compare the

saccharide composition of

Our study sought to compare the

saccharide composition of drusen and dense deposits in the formalin-fixed, this website paraffin-embedded tissue from the eye and kidney. Six eye specimens were obtained from patients diagnosed with AMD but another eye was obtained from a patient with partial lipodystrophy, who died after renal failure presumably because of DDD. The kidney specimens were from three biopsy-proven cases of DDD. Glycosylation patterns were measured by the binding of 19 biotinylated lectins before and after neuraminidase pre-treatment. High mannose, bi/tri-antennary non-bisected and bisected complex N-glycan, N-acetyl glucosamine, galactose, and sialic acid residues were found in both drusen and dense deposits. Treatment with neuraminidase exposed subterminal galactose in both sites and sparse N-acetyl galactosamine residues in drusen alone. Our study found similar pathologic oligosaccharide structures in the eye and kidney, suggesting that drusen may be a common end result of retinal and glomerular disease.”
“OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess whether back pain is improved with surgical treatment compared with nonoperative management in

adults with scoliosis.

METHODS: This is a retrospective review of a prospective, multicentered database of adults with spinal deformity. At the time of enrollment and follow-up, patients completed standardized questionnaires, including the see more Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and Scoliosis

Research Society 22 questionnaire (SRS-22), and assessment of back pain ADAMTS5 using a numeric rating scale (NRS) score, with 0 and 10 corresponding to no and maximal pain, respectively. The initial plan for surgical or nonoperative treatment was made at the time of enrollment.

RESULTS: Of 317 patients with back pain, 147 (46%) were managed surgically. Compared with patients managed nonoperatively, operative patients had higher baseline mean NRS scores for back pain (6.3 versus 4.8; P < 0.001), higher mean ODI scores (35 versus 26; P < 0.001), and lower mean SRS-22 scores (3.1 versus 3.4; P < 0.001). At the time of the 2-year follow-up evaluation, nonoperatively managed patients did not have significant change in the NRS score for back pain (P = 0.9), ODI (P = 0.7), or SRS-22 (P = 0.9). In contrast, at the 2-year follow-up evaluation, surgically treated patients had significant improvement in the mean NRS score for back pain (6.3 to 2.6; P < 0.001), ODI score (35 to 20; P < 0.001), and SRS-22 score (3.1 to 3.8; P < 0.001). Compared with nonoperatively treated patients, at the time of the 2-year follow-up evaluation, operatively treated patients had a lower NRS score for back pain (P < 0.001) and ODI (P = 0.001), and higher SRS-22 (P < 0.001).

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