, Bulletin of the Bernice P. Bishop Museum, Honolulu, Hawaii 19: 97 (1925)
(Fig. 97) Fig. 97 Xenolophium applanatum (from IFRD 2038). a Gregarious ascomata on the host surface. Note protruding papilla and slit-like ostiole. BAY 11-7082 manufacturer b Vertical section of the papilla and ostiole. c Section of the partial peridium. Note the two layers of the peridium. d Eight-spored asci in trabeculate pseudoparaphyses. Note the long pedicels. e–g Pale brown ascospores. Scale bars: a = 2 mm, b = 200 μm, c = 50 μm, d = 20 μm, e–g = 10 μm Current name: Xenolophium applanatum (Petch) Huhndorf, Mycologia 85: 493 (1993). ≡ Schizostoma applanatum Petch, Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Peradeniya) 6: 231 (1916). Ascomata 1–1.5 mm diam., scattered to clustered, erumpent to superficial, globose with base immersed in host tissue, wall black, carbonaceous, roughened with ridges, papillate. www.selleckchem.com/products/fosbretabulin-disodium-combretastatin-a-4-phosphate-disodium-ca4p-disodium.html Apex with a conspicuous hysteriform papilla extending on the sides, 1–1.4 mm long, 0.4–0.5 mm wide, 0.2–0.3 mm
high, smooth, ostiole slit-like, nearly as long as papilla length (Fig. 97a). Peridium 140–160 μm thick, pseudoparenchymatous, composed of two distinct layers: outer crust 16–45 μm thick, blackish, of heavily melanized, nearly opaque thick-walled angular cells, of uneven thickness forming irregular strands extending into the inner layer; inner layer subhyaline, composed of thick-walled prismatic to angular cells, with columns or patches of darker thick-walled Mirabegron cells extending inwardly from the outer layer; papilla wall 200–220 μm thick, of heavily melanized angular thick-walled cells (Fig. 97b and c). Hamathecium of dense, very long trabeculate pseudoparaphyses 0.8–1.5 μm broad, embedded in mucilage, anastomosing and branching between and above the asci. Asci 104–152 × 9–12 μm (excluding pedicel) (\( \barx = 149 \times 10.2 \mu \textm \), n = 10), 8-spored, bitunicate, fissitunicate dehiscence not observed, clavate, with a long, narrowed, furcate pedicel which is 50–75 μm long (Fig. 97d).
Ascospores 17–26 × 4–5.5 μm (\( \barx = 22.5 \times 4.8 \mu \textm \), n = 10), upper biseriate and lower uniseriate, fusoid, straight to slightly curved, equally 1-septate, constricted at the septum, the upper cell slightly wider, with one or rarely two additional septa appearing on a small number of senescent ascospores, pale brown, median septum darker, constricted, smooth, without sheath or appendages (Fig. 97e, f and g). Anamorph: none reported. Material examined: MARTINIQUE, Morne Rouge, on Foretinib rotten wood, leg C. Lécuru, det Jacques Fournier, 29 Aug. 2007, IFRD 2038. Notes Morphology Xenolophium was formally established by Sydow (in Stevens 1925) to accommodate two species, i.e. X. leve and X. verrucosum, of which X. leve is selected as the generic type (Huhndorf 1993).