As observed for the NR activity in napA cells, the methyl viologe

As observed for the NR activity in napA cells, the methyl viologen-dependent nitrite reductase (MV+-Nir) activity levels in the nirK mutant cells were 10-fold lower than the levels detected in the parental strain when the cells were incubated in MMN with an initial O2 concentration of 2% (Table 2). As

shown in Table 2, the MV+-NR and MV+-Nir activities were detected in WT cells incubated under anoxic conditions from the start of the incubation period. Under these conditions, the NR activity levels in napA cells and the Nir activity levels in nirK cells were undetectable (Table 2). Table 2 The methyl viologen-dependent (MV + ) nitrate reductase (MV + -NR), nitrite reductase (MV + -Nir) this website and nitric oxide

reductase (Nor) activities of E. meliloti 1021 (WT) and the napA, nirK , and norC mutant strains incubated in MMN under 2% initial O 2 or anoxic conditions find more Strain Genotype Oxygen conditions 2% O2 Anoxia     MV+-NRa MV+-NiRb Norc MV+-NR MV+-NiR Nor 1021 WT 210.93 (10.33) 32.57 (1.42) 563.33 (21.81) 62.96 (5.70) 10.522 (1.465) 335.88 (32.12) STM.3.02.F08 napA 18.86 (3.79) – - n.d. – - STM.1.13.B08 nirK – 3.34 (0.26) 528.26 (20.86) – n.d. 308.19 (23.18) G1PELR32E8 norC – - 1.11 (0.01) – - 2.84 (0.78) aMV+-NR and bMV+-Nir activities are expressed as nmol NO2 – produced or consumed · mg protein-1 · min-1. Nor activity is expressed as

nmol NO consumed · mg protein-1 · min-1. All of the activities were determined after incubation for 18 h. The data are expressed as the means with the standard error in parentheses from at least two different cultures assayed in triplicate. -, not determined; n.d., not detectable. We also investigated the ability of the E. meliloti nirK and norC mutants to produce nitric oxide. After incubation for 18 h with an initial O2 concentration of 2%, NO BX-795 in vitro production rates were determined in an NO-electrode chamber after adding nitrite to the reaction mixture. A significant decrease in NO production was observed in the nirK mutant compared with the WT strain (0.57 ± 0.19 vs. 202 ± 15 nmol NO · mg protein-1 · min-1, respectively), whereas the norC mutant produced 4.6-fold MycoClean Mycoplasma Removal Kit more NO than the WT cells (943 ± 4.52 vs. 202 ± 15 nmol NO · mg protein-1 · min-1, respectively). The high levels of NO produced by the norC mutant are most likely due to its defect in NO consumption activity. After 18 h of incubation in MMN under an initial O2 concentration of 2%, the norC mutant cells demonstrated NO consumption activity that was practically abolished compared with the activity of WT cells (Table 2); the same results were observed when the norC mutant cells were incubated under initially anoxic conditions. Figure 2 shows that E.

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