The aim of this review was to comprehensively examine the published literature to chart the participation and beliefs of pharmacy professionals in GB in relation to CPD in a decade (2000–2010) that had seen a formal transition from CE to CPD requirements. Three specific questions guided our review: What has been the range of views expressed by pharmacy
AZD2281 professionals in relation to CPD? What has been the uptake of CPD in pharmacy? In what way could the potential barriers to CPD uptake jeopardise the use of CPD in revalidation? A comprehensive search of the published literature was conducted to identify all studies that had examined the uptake of, or attitudes towards, the CPD process across the different sectors of the pharmacy profession in GB from 2000 to 2010, to cover the decade during which CPD was formally introduced and integrated into pharmacy in GB. During September to December 2009 (with additional searches in August 2010 and February 2011) the following academic databases were searched for articles published between 2000 and 2010: Medline, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) and International Bibliography of the Social Sciences, Zetoc, British Education Index (BEI), Educational Resources Information Centre (ERIC), Australian Z-VAD-FMK chemical structure Education
Index (AUEI) and the Cochrane Library. An extensive search of the pharmacy
specific literature was also conducted by searching the journals Pharmacy Practice, the Pharmaceutical Journal (PJ) and Pharmacy Education, to include where possible conference proceedings from Health Service Research and Pharmacy Practice (HSRPP), British Pharmaceutical Conference (BPC) and International Social Pharmacy Workshop (ISPW). In addition, the search engine GoogleScholar™ as well as the database of the National Electronic Library for Medicine (NELM) were used in an attempt to capture studies published online which were not at first identified by the more traditional means. The reference lists of all the important articles were scanned to check for other important studies that may have been missed via the database searches. A variety PAK6 of search terms was constructed for use within the databases including pharmacy, pharmacist, education professional retraining, continuing pharmacy education, professional development, learning, reflect, continuing education, CPD, continuing professional development, professional portfolio pharmacy, work based learning and continuous professional development. These terms were combined suitably according to the database used. The details of the search strategies are outlined and attached as an Addendum to this article.