DNA sequence comparisons are essential in delineating these taxa

DNA sequence comparisons are essential in delineating these taxa in combination with other characters. It is hoped that additional characters, i.e. biochemical, genomic and subcellular will be used to further distinguish these groups into natural taxa. Below we discuss each of the families, their SBI-0206965 manufacturer genera and their considered important characteristics. Aigialaceae Suetrong, Sakay., E.B.G. Jones, Kohlm., Volkm.-Kohlm. & C.L. Schoch 2010 The Aigialaceae

was introduced by Suetrong et al. (2009) based on its carbonaceous ascomata without papilla, cylindrical asci with apical apparatus, trabeculate pseudoparaphyses and ascospores with a sheath. The type genus (Aigialus) of the Aigialaceae was previously incorporated within the Massariaceae (Lumbsch and Huhndorf 2007). Currently, three genera are assigned under Aigialaceae, viz. Ascocratera, Aigialus and Rimora (Suetrong et al. 2009). The genera included in Aigialaceae have a wide range of morphological variation, with very few shared features as mentioned above, but all are found in mangrove habitats (Suetrong et al. 2009). The ascospores, however, vary widely from having 1 to 3 transverse septa and being hyaline to muriformly septate and brown (Suetrong et al. 2009). It is still unclear which characters unify the family and therefore placement of unsequenced genera is difficult. Further

molecular work is https://www.selleckchem.com/products/VX-765.html needed to better understand this family. Amniculicolaceae Yin. Zhang, C.L. Schoch, J. Fourn., Crous & K.D. Hyde 2009 Members of Amniculicolaceae form a well supported clade, and all are freshwater fungi which usually stain the woody substrate purple (Zhang et al. 2009a, c). Genera of Amniculicolaceae have

ascomata with compressed selleck screening library papilla and cylindrical to cylindro-clavate asci. Neomassariosphaeria typhicola was traditionally assigned to Massariosphaeria (as M. typhicola), and Massariosphaeria is characterized by staining the woody substrate purple (Crivelli 1983; Leuchtmann 1984). Eriksson (1981 p. 135) had pointed out that “Purple-staining species of Pleospora, treated by Webster (1957), are not congeneric with P. herbarum (Eriksson 1967b: 13), Carteolol HCl and certainly do not even belong to the Pleosporaceae”. This is mirrored in Murispora rubicunda, a previous Pleospora species (as P. rubicunda) staining the woody substrate purple, closely related to the Amniculicolaceae in a subsequent phylogenetic study (Zhang et al. 2009a). The anamorphs of this family are possibly Anguillospora longissima, Spirosphaera cupreorufescens and Repetophragma ontariense (Zhang et al. 2009a). ? Arthopyreniaceae (or Massariaceae ) W. Watson 1929 The Arthopyreniaceae was introduced as a lichenized family of Pyrenocarpales, which comprises Acrocordia, Arthopyrenia, Athrismidium, Bottaria, Celothelium, Laurera, Leptorhaphis, Microthelia, Microtheliopsis, Polyblastiopsis, Pseudosagedia, Raciborskiella and Tomasellia (Watson 1929).

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