Genes that are bound by SRC3, but not other p160 proteins,
have predictive value in cohorts of breast cancer patients. By generating a robust and global view of co-factor-binding properties, we discover new levels of co-regulator complexity, but also reveal specific gene networks that may influence endocrine response. The EMBO Journal (2011) 30, 4764-4776. doi:10.1038/emboj.2011.368; Published online 14 October 2011″
“To repress the expression of target genes, the unliganded nuclear receptor generally recruits the silencing mediator PD-1/PD-L1 Inhibitor 3 price of retinoid and thyroid hormone receptor (SMRT)/nuclear receptor corepressor via its direct association with the conserved motif within bipartite nuclear PF-04929113 receptor-interaction domains (IDs) of the corepressor. Here, we investigated the involvement of the SMRT corepressor in transcriptional repression by the unliganded vitamin D receptor (VDR). Using small interference RNA against SMRT in human embryonic kidney 293 cells, we demonstrated that
SMRT is involved in the repression of the VDR-target genes, osteocalcin and vitamin D(3) 24-hydroxylase in vivo. Consistent with this, VDR and SMRT are recruited to the vitamin D response element of the endogenous osteocalcin promoter in the absence of 1 alpha, 25-(OH)(2)D(3) in chromatin immunoprecipitation assays. To address the involvement of the VDR-specific interaction of SMRT in this repression, we identified the molecular determinants of the interaction between VDR and SMRT. Interestingly, VDR specifically interacts with ID1 of the SMRT/nuclear receptor corepressor and that ID1 is required for their stable interaction. We also identified specific residues in the SMRT-ID1 that are required for VDR binding, using the one-plus two-hybrid system, a novel genetic selection method for specific missense mutations that disrupt protein-protein interactions. These mutational studies revealed that VDR interaction
requires a wide range of the residues within and outside the extended helix motif of SMRT-ID1. Notably, SMRT mutants defective in the VDR interaction were also defective in the repression of endogenous VDR-target genes, indicating that Selleckchem Epigenetic inhibitor the SMRT corepressor is directly involved in the VDR-mediated repression in vivo via an ID1-specific interaction with the VDR. (Molecular Endocrinology 23: 251-264, 2009)”
“Humans and animals prefer immediate over delayed rewards (delay discounting). This preference for smaller-but-sooner over larger-but-later rewards shows substantial interindividual variability in healthy subjects. Moreover, a strong bias towards immediate reinforcement characterizes many psychiatric conditions such as addiction and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.