An aqueous solution of the copolymer above a critical concentration (2 wt%) experiences four distinct phases such as clear solutions, cloud solutions, gel and shrunken gel upon heating. Finally, the mechanism of the phase transitions was tentatively discussed based on the observations.”
“OBJECTIVE: To examine the risk of preterm birth (PTB) in relation to maternal psychiatric symptoms during pregnancy in Peruvian women.\n\nSTUDY DESIGN: This case-control study included 479 PTB cases and 480 term controls. In-person Pexidartinib order interviews were conducted to assess women’s depressive, anxiety, and stress symptoms
using the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS-21). Multi-variable logistic regression procedures were used to estimate adjusted odds ratios (aORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs).\n\nRESULTS: Compared with women reporting no or minimal depressive
symptoms, the aOR (95% CI) for PTB associated with consecutive severity of depressive symptoms based on the PHQ-9 assessment method were as follows: mild, 2.22 (95% CI 1.64-3.00) and moderate-severe, 3.67 (95% CI 2.09-6.46). The corresponding aORs for normal, mild, and moderate-severe depressive symptoms based on the DASS-21 assessment were 1.00 (reference), 3.82 (95% CI 1.90-7.66), and 2.90 (95% CI 1.66-5.04), respectively. A positive gradient was observed for the odds of PTB with severity of anxiety (p(trend) < 0.001) and stress symptoms (p(trend) < 0.001).\n\nCONCLUSION: The odds of PTB increased Ricolinostat nmr in pregnant Peruvian women with psychiatric symptoms. Efforts to screen and treat affected women may modify risks of PTB and possibly other associated disorders. (J Reprod Med 2013;58:25-33)”
“For the accurate
description of aerodynamic characteristics for aircraft, a wavelet neural network (WNN) aerodynamic modeling method from flight data, based on improved particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm with information sharing strategy and velocity disturbance operator, is proposed. In improved PSO algorithm, an information sharing strategy is used to avoid the premature convergence as much BMN673 as possible; the velocity disturbance operator is adopted to jump out of this position once falling into the premature convergence. Simulations on lateral and longitudinal aerodynamic modeling for ATTAS (advanced technologies testing aircraft system) indicate that the proposed method can achieve the accuracy improvement of an order of magnitude compared with SPSO-WNN, and can converge to a satisfactory precision by only 60-120 iterations in contrast to SPSO-WNN with 6 times precocities in 200 times repetitive experiments using Morlet and Mexican hat wavelet functions. Furthermore, it is proved that the proposed method is feasible and effective for aerodynamic modeling from flight data.